发布时间 ： 2020/09/15 19:59
在这里，dog “狗子” 是先行词，即“走在定语从句前面的名词”；定语从句 that shits a lot 此中的 that，指代了前面的 dog，告诉我们这是一条怎样的狗子：拉许多的狗子。
第一句，宾语从句为普通的叙述句，放在 think 这个行动背面，由连接词 that 引导。
第二句，宾语从句已经改成叙述句语序，原来人讲的话则是一样平常疑问句 Do you let it go “你丫放不放手” ？该从句放在 depend on 的介词 on 背面，一样平常疑问句由 whether/ if 引导。状语从句：作状语的从句，给主句增长信息量。
状语从句，是3大从句中比较好记的一种：有个完备的主句，从句是提供更多信息的，好比上述例句告诉我们他为什么养狗。只要认识 九大状语从句的引导词 （← 戳可察看），大概一眼就能辨别出状语从句。当堂训练
1. If it is fine tomorrow, I will visit you.
2. I helped an old man who lost his way.
3. I don’t know what I should do next.
4. Mom hates our neighbor whose dog shits at our door.
5. Mom hates our neighbor because his dog shits at our door.
6. Mom asks our neighbor why his dog is so annoying.
7. Stephen Hillenburg, who created ‘SpongeBob’, died at the age of 57.
8. Stan Lee explained that he used a false name because he wanted to write a serious and great piece of literature someday. He did not want his link with comic books to be known when that happened.
9. A Chinese scientist claims he successfully created the world's first genetically-edited babies.
剖析： 确切而言，who created 'SpongeBob' 黑白限定性定语从句，起增补说明的作用，去掉也不影响主句的完备性；非限定性的特性之一是从句前有逗号，详细参考 前几期文章 （← 戳可察看）。
剖析： 这句话摘自 VOA慢速英语 ，沉住气还是可以辨清此中各种从句的：Stan Lee explained 背面的剩余部分，就是“讲明”这个行动的宾语从句；这个从句中，又包含 because 引导的缘故状语从句，告诉我们斯坦李用化名的缘故。
第二句末，另有个短短的、由 when 引导的时间状语从句。
剖析： 找到动词 claim “声称”，就很轻易就定位到背面的宾语从句，只是省略了 that。从句一个完备的句子，有主语 he，谓语 created，宾语 the world's first genetically-edited babies。
10. There will be television chat shows hosted by robots, and cars with pollution monitors that will disable them when they offend.
11. It is not easy to explain why one person is intelligent and another is not，or why one is cooperative and another is competitive.
12. It is also the reason why when we try to describe music with words，all we can do is articulate our reactions to it.
剖析： pollution monitor “污染检测仪”在这里作先行词，放在 that 引导的定语从句前面，告诉我们这种检测仪是干什么用的；定语从句中，还包含 when 引导的时间状语从句。
剖析： 动宾动宾。在动词 explain “讲明”背面，紧跟两个 why 引导的宾语从句。这句来自考研真题，不外相对简单。
剖析： reason 的定语从句可以由 why 或 for which 引导；该定语从句中又有 when 引导的时间状语从句；
逗号背面的分句主语 all we can do 又出现一个定语从句，只是省略了关系代 词 that。课后牢固 1) Is this park ________ we visited last week?
A. which B. where C. the one2) Do you remember the park ________ we visited last week?
A. where B. that C. the one3) This is the park ________ I lost my phone last week.
A. where B. that C. the one4) His illness will not develop to the point ________ no medicine can cure her.
A. where B. that C. as5) A computer can only do ________ you have instructed it to do.
A. how B. that C. what6) No one knows ________ in a million years.
A. what man will look like
B. what will man look like
C. man will look like what7) I don’t know ________ or not.
A. whether he is at home
B. if he is at home
C. that he is at home8) If you don’t understand something, you may research, study, and talk to other people ________ you figure it out.
A. because B. until C. when9) ________ the average age of the population increases, there are more old people to care for.
A. As B. While C. As soon as10) ________ you may have, you should face the challenge.
A. However a serious problem
B. However serious a problem
C. What a serious problem
获取答案方法总结 定语从句：作定语/ adj. 修饰先行词； 宾语从句：作宾语，放在动词或介词后； 状语从句：作状语，给主句增长信息量。
假如可以，抽15分钟时间，把前面几节课再看一遍：虫虫讲英语：吃定「定语从句」，只需弄懂这几点 | 虫虫讲英语zhuanlan.zhihu.com 虫虫讲英语：宾语从句干货，8大要点梳理 | 虫虫讲英语zhuanlan.zhihu.com 虫虫讲英语：一文理清9类状语从句 | 虫虫讲英语zhuanlan.zhihu.com
：宾语从句不但有可以引导一样平常疑问句的 whether, if，另有引导特别疑问句的 what 和 how。而定语从句是没有 what 和 how 等引导词的。
什么是 定语从句 编辑
定义：在一个复合句中，跟在主句后修饰某一名词或代词（统称为先行词）的从句叫做 定语从句 (The Attributive Clause).被定语从句所修饰的词叫做 先行词 (Antecedent).定语从句通常跟在先行词之后,由 关系词 (Relatives)引出.因此,定语从句又可称为关系分句. 定语从句重要分为非限定性定语从句和限定性定语从句。
(1)关系代词 e.g.:that,which,who,whom,whose etc.
(2)关系副词 e.g.:when,where,why etc.
The woman who is standing by the classroom is our Chinese teacher.
This is the room where Bin Ladin once lived.
The girl who plays the piano very well is his girlfriend.
She is no longer the woman who she used to be.
I can't remember the man who I gave the key to.
Where is the student whom Professor Nirth praised at the meeting.
The girl with whom he was traveling is his girlfriend.注：在“介词提前”即“介词+关系代词”布局出现时，关系代词只能用 whom 和 which 。
She is looking after the little child whose parents have gone to Singapore.
He lived in the room whose windows face south.
The man that is speaking at the meeting is a famous scientist.
Is this the teacher that you talked about yesterday.
She is no longer the girl that she was in her childhood.
The train that has just left is for Beijing.
Is this the photo that you took last summer?
I wish my home town was not a polluted place that you think it to be.
The building which stands near the train station is a company.
The computer which she wanted to buy was sold out.
She was fond of dancing,which her husband never was.
When(=at,on,in,during + which):取代时间名词.做时间状语:
I shall never forget the day when(on which) we moved into our new flat.
Where(=in,at + which):取代所在名词.做时间状语:
This is the place where(at which) John parks his car.
She didn't know the reason why(for which) she was dismissed.
as用作关系代词和关系副词引导限定性定语从句,并在从句中做主语,宾语,表语或状语,组成:the...same as, such...as, so...as 等布局.
Here are such questions as are often asked by the universtiy students.
This is the same T-shirt as I have bought.
She has never seen such a handsome boy as I am.
She'll do the experiment the same way as I do.
I came the same day as he left.
She studies in the same college as he does.
She didn't believe such reason as he did so.
Here is so difficult a question as nobody can answer.
(2)引导非限定性定语从句. as引导非限定性定语从句时,取代整个主句,对其进行说明.一样平常用于as we all know,as is known to all,as it is,as is said above,as already mentioned abov!e,as is usual,as is often the case,as is reported in the newspaper等句式中.as引导非限定性定语从句中做主语,表语或宾语,且引出的从句!位置比较机动,可位于句首或句尾,也可插如入主句中间.通常由 逗号 将其与主句隔开.as此时有"正如...","就像..."之意.
As is known to China,Qu Yuan is a great Chinese poet.
He forgot to bring his textbook with him,as was often the case.
She is absorbed in work,as she often was.
As we all know,the moon is round.
追问: 2019/03/28 10:58
追问: 2019/03/28 11:00
第一点增补个例子， That Al should have married his cousin is not all surprsing.